Full Stack Development: Skill Guide 2020

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In reality, development is of three types- front-end, back-end and then comes Full Stack web development. In simple words, front-end developers are someone who handles the user interaction part of any website or application whereas backend developer is capable of sorting out issues related to the hidden facts of any application. Then comes the Full Stack developer who is a combination of both front-end and back-end developer.

Full Stack Development Overview

A few years back, the task of website creation involved just a website designer and a developer, whereas it is not the same case now.

The entire thing has been further broken down into over 24 different profiles due to the enormous evolution in the technology. These can be entitled as mobile developers, front-end, desktop , and back-end developers.

If becoming a Full Stack developer is what you are dreaming of then it is necessary to get knowledge over the following skill sets:

Hosting system- This includes a computer, operating system (OS) along with some of the supporting devices namely DNS, email, Apache and SSH.

Application Stack- In this, the web developer needs to acquire knowledge of web server such as IIS and Apache along with some of the relational database namely Oracle, PostgreSQL, MySQL. The dynamic server-side programming languages namely Ruby, Python, and NodeJS.

Web application- This section comprises of various frameworks related to the model view controller namely Django, Agavi along with numerous object-relational modeling such as SQL Alchemy, Propel. Some of the front-end development that is included in this is HTML, audio, CSS, JavaScript, and video.

What are the Different Software Stacks?

Now that we have seen the various skills that are required for a Full Stack Web Developer, let’s focus on the different software stacks available. For the uninitiated, a stack is a collection of various programs that are used together to obtain the required result. It includes an operating system and its application.

The choice of a stack for a Full Stack Web Developer depends entirely on the individual career goals, current project, company requirement, etc. However, some of the most famous stacks are given below for reference.

1. LAMP stack

The LAMP stack is a very famous(and illuminating!) stack that is the foundation of Linux hosted websites. It has four major components that are given as follows:

Linux: An open source operating system that is the foundation for the stack model.

Apache: A web server software that translates from web browsers to the required website.

MySQL: An open source database that can be queried by the scripting language to construct a website.

PHP: A Server-side open source scripting language

2. MEAN stack

The MEAN stack is a stack that is founded on JavaScript-based technologies. Although it has quite a rude name, it’s actually quite in-demand because of its fast, robust and maintainable production web applications. It has four major components that are given as follows:

MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.

Express: A web program framework that is easy to use, light and portable.

Angular.js: : A robust framework that is used for developing HTML5 and JavaScript- web programs.

Node.js: : a server-side JavaScript execution environment. .

3. MERN stack

The MERN stack is also founded on JavaScript-based technologies like MEAN stack. It has four major components that are given as follows:

MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.

Express: A web program framework that is easy to use, light and portable.

React: A javascript library that is used for building user interfaces.

Node.js: a server-side JavaScript execution environment.

Technical skills

The top-notch organizations give away a decent amount of money as a Full Stack web developer salary. Being a professional career there are few technical skills expected by the recruiters listed below:

1. HTML/ CSS

These are the base for any developer to create a website. HTML is deployed for the addition of web content while CSS is used as a personalization tool over any website. A website’s leads are generated because of its content and appearance that are truly dependent on HTML and CSS.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is considered to be the mandatory language used by any Full Stack developer. Thus, having a vast knowledge over this will get you to destiny. As theory-based practical knowledge is always considered as a welcoming skill in any sector.

3. JQuery

It is the well-known library that is into usage in JavaScript for the improvisation in the performance. It also aids the developer to build a webpage, which is browser compatible. For a Full Stack developer, there is no need for learning new syntaxes.

4. Responsive layout

This plays a vital role in the frequency of website being viewed, as the auto-size option gets customized as per the device being used. If the website isn’t responsive then the chances of losing your viewers will increase. As user never makes any particular device to view your website.

5. Back-end language

As a Full Stack Developer one needs to have the knowledge related to coding the back-end process. To get a better exposure it is indeed necessary to have immense knowledge in various programming languages. The more you know, the better. Some of the languages are SQL, JS, Ruby, PHP, IOS, Python, and many more.

6. HTTP/HTTPS

It plays a vital role in establishing the communication between client and server because of its deployment in the security sector of any application.

7. Chrome developer tools

It is responsible for the interaction prevailing between HTML, CSS, and JavaScript over any Internet page. This tool helps in maintaining the Web development trends of 2019 that are used by various developers.

8. Design skills

For any frontend developer designing skills are much needed one. As big companies usually spend a lot over unique designs to establish their brand in the market without copyright issues.

9. Database/ web storage

Storage will be quite difficult due to the enormous data generated on the whole on a daily basis. Moreover, the creation of any website or application storage will definitely be an issue. Hence, having knowledge of the relation between databases and memory is crucial.

10. Bootstrap

This aids in the blending of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in order to create various web applications. Its deployment makes the website mobile friendly along with cross-browser compatibility. Its usage can be done for both desktop and mobile.

11. Web architecture

For any application or website, proper planning is necessary related to coding, segregation, and storage of files along with the location of the computational task. It will avoid unnecessary confusion when the web application to be developed is complex in nature.

12. NPM, Webpack, Sass, Babel

NPM is nothing but Node.js package manager that aids the developer in the installation of numerous packages along with providing a solution over different dependencies. This is among the most popular Full Stack Web development tools available in the market.

13. Git, GitHub, and SourceTree

This belongs to the version control system(VCS). Git is nothing but an open-source repository that is web-based for the productive management of alteration made to any code, application, document, and other information.

For any minor changes made in the coding of any applications, the developer requires to keep track that is made easy by the deployment of Git. As this entire application is an output of teamwork, so it is vital to have knowledge about the recent changes made in the coding.

14. Server-side frameworks

It will be easy if you learn frameworks after acquiring knowledge in various programming languages. This supplies functions that are readymade in nature along with features that can be deployed in any projects. Some of the back-end frameworks are Python, C#, Nodejs, and PHP.

15. Security

As the entire development is done over the Internet, security becomes a major concern. Hence, it is necessary for every developer to get some basic knowledge of security. Therefore, various related techniques are asked to be learned by the recruiters either before or after joining their firm for better performance without any hassle. As a Back-end Web developer, knowledge over security issues is a must.

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Conclusion

If you are a newbie to the Fullstack world, the list of Fullstack Development skill set might seem long to you. But, these are the primary Fullstack Developer skills companies are looking for, and learning these can get your resume a sound edge. We hope this article was able to shed some light on the Fullstack Development skills required to build a successful career.

Comments

Nice blogs . Thanks a lot

- Nirav

very helpful and updated to latest technology. Thanks for helping us!!

- Yogesh

Nice Blog...

- Sandip

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